• Gondola
  • Batea a coa de gambero
  • Vipera
  • Batea concordiese
  • Gondola
  • Mascareta
  • Sandolo buranelo
  • Gondola
  • Renaissance Gondola
  • Topa

Between the 18th and the 19th century the bragozzo was the most popular boat in the Adriatic, and was used for coastal fishing and deep-sea fishing.

It certainly originated a long time ago, probably in the valleys around Chioggia, and it later become popular on all Venetian, Romagna and Istrian coast.

Unfortunately its original shape has completely changed according to the requirements of fishermen.

At the beginning the bragozzo was smaller (from 6 o 9 mt) than we know now, because it was used only in the lagoon, valley and along the coast.

For economic reasons the history of the bragozzo is strictly connected to the tartana, the ancient Chioggia boat used for deep-seas fishing.

In the XVIII century the tartana disappeared in favour of the bragozzo, which later developed it dimensions; modified and strengthen to be suitable for open sea, it become a boat for deep-sea fishing.

In fact the bragozzo reached dimensions over 14 mt, keeping almost the same length-beam ration (4:1).

The hull had curved sides and roundish shapes, with a high and bellied bow and a rough stern which slightly curves upwards. It was almost always decked and had big hatches, it was built in a simple and not expensive way, but it was very strong; the draft was as little as possible because of the flat bottom.

According to the length of the hull it had one or two masts with balance-lug mainsails; one of its striking features was the helm (called timone a calumo), which was very large in the submerged part and thus granted stability.

The bragòzzetto was smaller and with one mast, often easy to pull down.

The Istrian version was rough, particularly in the stern, and sometimes had a keel; the Venetian boats were more elegant and with a bow similar to the topo.

The hull with flat bottom made them suitable particularly for trawling, usually done with two boas using the big net of Apulian origin, called cocchia or còcia.

The bigger bragozzo could trawl even alone, moving sideways with the wind and using the spontèri (two staves, one at the bow and the other one at the stern) to keep the net open. In this case the net used was the tartana, similar to the cocchia but smaller.

The bragozzo boats used also transom nets as the ostreghèro or the more recent rampone.

With the introduction of kites at the beginning of the 20th century and later of the motor, one bragozzo only could drag big nets easily.

Nowadays the bragozzo is still used for fishing by some fishermen of Chioggia, but by now it is without mast and with motor.

 



walnut, beechwood and oak

painted with synthetic enamel

length 120 cm

scale: 1:10